A Detailed Report from the private sector Forum Held on – 30th Nov 2017
This report provides updated information resulting from the discussions during the private sector forum intended to support different stakeholders including governments, private sector and development partners seeking to understand energy for green growth in order to improve the energy sector in Uganda. This detailed report purposes to fill the key information gaps about Energy for Green growth with the focus of Scaling up off-grid and energy efficient solutions and to enhance understanding of the sustainable energy solutions for Uganda’s transition to green growth, with a focus on options for energy efficiency, renewable and clean energy. The report was recorded from the private sector forum proceedings which forum revealed that Uganda’s uneven use of available resources has led to insufficient supply of energy, a situation which is aggravated by consumers’ mostly inefficient use of the little energy that is available. This further place Uganda among the lowest consumers of modern (and clean) energy, both in sub-Saharan Africa and the world. Introduction In 2014, Uganda’s grid electrification rate was 20% on the national level and 10% in rural areas. The majority of the people in rural areas strongly rely on lighting tools like candles and kerosene lamps that give poor quality lighting, emit noxious fumes and present a hazard in terms of fires or burns, especially to children. In spite of many alternative energy resources available in Uganda, for example biogas, solar and micro hydro power, there is a heavy dependence on biomass energy, especially for cooking, due to its accessibility and affordability. Biomass provides for 90% of the total primary energy consumption, in form of firewood, charcoal or crop residues. This dependence on biomass contributes to increasing forest degradation, leading to fuel scarcity and rising fuel prices while These renewable on and off-grid options have the potential to keep trees standing; minimize greenhouse gas emissions; spur agricultural productivity and value-addition thus contributing to Uganda’s transition to a clean middle income country as well as meeting national and global energy and climate change targets.